The terrorists then charged upstairs with gunshots ringing in the air. [97] In addition, police seized a boat filled with arms and explosives anchored at Mazgaon dock off Mumbai harbour. [100] In November 2009, Pakistani authorities charged seven men they had arrested earlier, of planning and executing the assault.[14]. The Oberoi-Trident is the other icon of luxury and opulence in Mumbai that came under the deadly saws of the 26/11 attacks. [82], According to radio transmissions picked up by Indian intelligence, the attackers "would be told by their handlers in Pakistan that the lives of Jews were worth 50 times those of non-Jews". They reportedly told local Marathi-speaking fishermen who asked them who they were to "mind their own business" before they split up and headed two different ways. It was a brutal strike upon an establishment that symbolised the emergence of an entrepreneurial elite in India. After a physical struggle, Kasab was arrested. The attackers passed a police station. The hotel is named after the Taj Mahal, which is located in the city of Agra approximately 1,050 kilometres (650 mi) from Mumbai. The government gave orders to storm the building. Three people, including the driver of the taxi were killed, and about 15 others were injured.[20][67]. [73][74] Another British Conservative MEP, Syed Kamall, reported that he along with several other MEPs left the hotel and went to a nearby restaurant shortly before the attack. When it ended all but one of the terrorists were dead. However, the defence lawyers were barred from cross-examining the four prosecution witnesses in the case including Ajmal Kasab. [46][47] According to the Mumbai Police, the bombings were carried out by Lashkar-e-Taiba and Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI). He initially pleaded not guilty, but later admitted his guilt on 20 July 2009. [35], On 6 December 2002, a blast in a BEST bus near Ghatkopar station killed two people and injured 28. After days of talks, the Pakistan government, however, decided to start moving troops away from the border. [266][267], The Siege: The Attack on the Taj is a non-fiction book by Cathy Scott-Clerk and Adrian Levy. 3: 00 pm: The rescue operation at Oberoi comes to an end and both terrorists are killed. The LeT operative David Headley (born Daood Sayed Gilani) in his testimony before a Chicago federal court during co-accused Tahawwur Rana's trial revealed that Mumbai Chabad House was added to the list of targets for surveillance given by his Inter Services Intelligence handler Major Iqbal, though the Oberoi Hotel, one of the sites attacked, was not originally on the list. Mumbaier Schulkinder vor dem Hotel. The new film “Hotel Mumbai,” in theaters Friday, focuses on what happened at the Taj during the 2008 terrorist attacks across the city. [262], The Indian Express group hosts an annual memorial event, 26/11 - Stories of Strength, in Mumbai to pay homage to those killed in the ghastly terror attacks in the city in 2008. Two hotels, The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel and the Oberoi Trident, were among the four locations targeted. [95] Fires were also reported at the ground floor of the Taj with plumes of smoke arising from the first floor. [263][264] The memorial event started in 2016, is now organised at the Gateway of India and brings forth the inspiring stories of courage and strength of more than 100 survivors that the Indian Express has interviewed over the past decade. On 29 November, India's National Security Guards (NSG) conducted Operation Black Tornado to flush out the remaining attackers; it culminated in the death of the last remaining attackers at the Taj Hotel and ended the attacks. [22][23] Ajmal Kasab,[24] the sole surviving attacker, disclosed that the attackers were members of the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba,[25] among others. One commando, Joginder Singh was killed while two others were injured. He then made a call to the staffers at the Taj Lands End in Bandra and said that the hotel would be attacked by their members. The Maharashtra government planned to buy 36 speed boats to patrol the coastal areas and several helicopters for the same purpose. The House, located in Colaba, was frequented by large number of Jews, particularly Israeli but also from those visiting the country from across the world. [12][13][14] The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday 26 November and lasted until Saturday 29 November 2008. Headley, a Pakistani-American, was charged in November 2009 with scouting locations for the 2008 Mumbai attacks. [128] Disclosures made by former American intelligence contractor Edward Snowden in 2013 revealed that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had intercepted communications between the Lashkar boat and the LeT headquarters in Pakistan-administered Kashmir and passed the alert on to RAW on 18 November, eight days before the terrorists actually struck Mumbai. Never before had a terrorist attack given rise to public debate of the kind that discussed the role of every element of society in inhibiting terror. Gautam Singh, a tandoor chef at Taj, was one of them. However, the actual trial started on 5 May 2012. Many important personalities around the world also condemned the attacks. The two hotels being interconnected, consist of 800 rooms between them. Seconds later, an RDX laden device went off near the base of the Nariman House staircase. At least two of them spent nearly eight years in prison and were not paid any compensation by the Indian government. [90][91] 32 hostages were killed at the Oberoi Trident. [111] Two other men known as Khan and Riaz, but whose full names were not given, were also arrested. India's then External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee declared that India may indulge in military strikes against terror camps in Pakistan to protect its territorial integrity. [198] A number of those killed were notable figures in business, media, and security services. The Oberoi-Trident plays host to a large number of foreign tourists visiting India and it was the case on the night of 26/11. The company employed over 20,000 people in the year 2010. Headley received training in small arms and countersurveillance from LeT, built a network of connections for the group, and was chief scout in scoping out targets for Mumbai attack[126][127] having allegedly been given $25,000 in cash in 2006 by an ISI officer known as Major Iqbal, The officer also helped him arrange a communications system for the attack, and oversaw a model of the Taj Hotel so that gunmen could know their way inside the target, according to Headley's testimony to Indian authorities. [254] On 21 September 2013, a Pakistani judicial commission arrived in India to carry out the investigation and to cross examine the witnesses. [68][69] At the Taj, firefighters rescued 200 hostages from windows using ladders during the first night. Further, bureaucratic failures had led to the security forces being able to enter the building only in the ev… 14: 53- 15:59 pm: Ten grenade explosions reported to have taken place within the premises. The 2008 Mumbai attacks[10] (also referred to as 26/11)[11][a] were a series of terrorist attacks that took place in November 2008, when 10 members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, an extremist organisation, carried out 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across Mumbai. During the first day, 9 hostages were rescued from the first floor. Prominent Muslim personalities such as Bollywood actor Aamir Khan appealed to their community members in the country to observe Eid al-Adha as a day of mourning on 9 December. Incorporated by the founder of the Tata Group, Jamsetji Tata, in 1903, the company is a part of the Tata Group, one of India's largest business conglomerates. Our hotels in Mumbai are a true landmark of signature hospitality. [71] Kamall also reported that Polish MEP Jan Masiel was thought to have been sleeping in his hotel room when the attacks started, but eventually left the hotel safely. Enjoy our warm hospitality and service that make you feel at home. The two hotels being interconnected, consist of 800 rooms between them. [265], Operation Black Tornado (2018) is a TV documentary which premiered on Veer by Discovery Channel series, Battle Ops. [17] There was also an explosion at Mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle. [240][241][242][243] However, he appealed his sentence at high court. Many of the guests inside the hotel were huddled up by the staff into small rooms by this time. However, the CTD did not reveal the place of his arrest. [2][15], Eight of the attacks occurred in South Mumbai at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Chabad House,[16] The Oberoi Trident,[17] The Taj Palace & Tower,[17] Leopold Cafe, Cama Hospital,[17] The Nariman House,[18] the Metro Cinema,[19] and in a lane behind the Times of India building and St. Xavier's College. [71][76] Also caught up in the shooting were the President of Madrid, Esperanza Aguirre, while checking in at the Oberoi Trident,[76] and Indian MP N. N. Krishnadas of Kerala and Gulam Noon while having dinner at a restaurant in the Taj Hotel. [224], Indians criticised their political leaders after the attacks, saying that their ineptness was partly responsible. [80][81] Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg and his wife Rivka Holtzberg, who was six months pregnant, were murdered with four other hostages inside the house by the attackers. Being much larger than Taj Mahal hotel in terms of spatial capacity, the rescue operation at the Oberoi-Trident was extremely slow. 1:00 am: The central dome of the hotel was bombed and there was a massive fire in the building. After a long battle, one NSG commando, Sergeant Gajender Singh Bisht, and both perpetrators were killed. [36] The bombing occurred on the 10th anniversary of the demolition of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya. A new National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) was proposed to be set up by the then-Home Minister P. Chidambaram as an office to collect, collate, summarise, integrate, analyse, co-ordinate and report all information and inputs received from various intelligence agencies, state police departments, and other ministries and their departments. [22][23] Pakistan promised to assist in the investigation and President Zardari vowed "strong action against any Pakistani elements found involved in the attack". [277][278], "26/11" redirects here. In his book Menon mentioned that the reason why India did not immediately attacked Pakistan was, after the examination of the options by the leadership of the government, it was concluded by the decision makers that, "more was to be gained from not attacking Pakistan than from attacking it". [28][29] On 9 April 2015, the foremost ringleader of the attacks, Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi, was released on bail and disappeared;[30] he was arrested again in Lahore on January 2, 2021. [59][60] The two gunmen fled the scene and fired at pedestrians and police officers in the streets, killing eight police officers. At least 174 people died, including 9 attackers, and more than 300 were wounded. ... away from the grinding poverty and infrastructural decay of Mumbai. NSG Commando Sergeant Gajender Singh Bisht, who was part of the team that fast-roped onto Nariman House, died after a long battle in which both perpetrators were also killed. [20] By the early morning of 28 November, all sites except for the Taj Hotel had been secured by the Mumbai Police and security forces. When the Indian Express entered the building less than 24 hours later, the site resembled much like a global conflict zone. Geschichte. … 6: 45 pm: Explosions and gun battles continue throughout the day. The Taj Mahal Tower concierge curates a vibrant tour of Mumbai’s native market area of Bhuleshwar, at a 30 minutes drive from the hotel. [31][32] In 2018, former Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif suggested that the Pakistani government played a role in the 2008 Mumbai attack. [115] Meanwhile, journalists in Pakistan said security agencies were preventing them from interviewing people from Kasab's village. Similar to Hotel Mumbai, Taj Mahal was primarily about the tourists at The Taj Mahal Palace hotel in Mumbai. [146], It was initially reported that some of the attackers were British citizens,[147][148] but the Indian government later stated that there was no evidence to confirm this. [167] After Ansari's arrest, investigations revealed that in 2009 he allegedly stayed for a day in a room in Old Legislators's Hostel, belonging to Fauzia Khan, a former MLA and minister in Maharashtra Government. Hotel Mumbai, which tells the story of a luxury hotel in India taken under siege by terrorists based on the events of the 2008 attack, hit cinema screens in the UK on 27 September.. Ansari's interrogation further revealed that Sajid Mir and a Pakistani Army major visited India under fake names as cricket spectators to survey targets in Delhi and Mumbai for about a fortnight. According to witnesses, the boy’s pants were drenched in blood when he emerged. All but two of the suspects, many of whom are identified only through aliases, are Pakistani. For the first time, the bubble of comfort that sheltered the propertied and elite in India was shattered. For the date, see, Taj Mahal Palace Hotel and Oberoi Trident, The expression "26/11" is pronounced "twenty-six eleven". On 21 February 2011, the Bombay High Court upheld the death sentence of Kasab, dismissing his appeal. CNN initially reported on the morning of 27 November 2008 that the hostage situation at the Taj Hotel had been resolved and quoted the police chief of Maharashtra stating that all hostages were freed;[44] however, it was learned later that day that there were still two attackers holding hostages, including foreigners, in the Taj Hotel. [197] The bodies of many of the dead hostages showed signs of torture or disfigurement. [144][145] Witnesses reported that they seemed to be in their early twenties, wore black T-shirts and jeans, and that they smiled and looked happy as they shot their victims. [54] They also received training in swimming and sailing, besides the use of high-end weapons and explosives under the supervision of LeT commanders. When the mayhem ended after three days, some 190 people were dead and hundreds of others wounded. This is the second such visit: the one in March 2012 was not a success[255] as its report was rejected by an anti-terrorism court in Pakistan due to lack of evidence. "[120], In 2018, during an interview with newspaper Dawn,[121] Pakistan's former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif reportedly indirectly accepted Pakistan's involvement in not preventing the Mumbai attacks. Police in Pakistan arrested seven people, including Hammad Amin Sadiq, a homoeopathic pharmacist, who arranged bank accounts and secured supplies. Announcements by a railway announcer, Vishnu Dattaram Zende, alerted passengers to leave the station and saved many lives. [168][169][170], A number of suspects were also arrested on false charges. The Indian Government, upset over the court ruling, however, contended that evidence collected by the Pakistani judicial panel has evidential value to punish all those involved in the attack. The following day, the house was stormed by NSG commandos fast-roping from helicopters onto the roof, covered by snipers positioned in nearby buildings. [41] On 11 July 2006, seven bombs exploded within 11 minutes on the Suburban Railway in Mumbai,[42] killing 209 people, including 22 foreigners[43][44][45] and more than 700 injured. [80][81] By the morning of 28 November, the NSG had secured the Jewish outreach centre at Nariman House as well as the Oberoi Trident hotel. We look back at how terror unfolded at the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Oberoi-Trident, CST, Nariman House, Cafe Leopold, and Cama Hospital. The recruits went through the following stages of training, according to Indian and US media reports: From the recruits, ten were handpicked for the Mumbai mission. [199][200][201], The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Vilasrao Deshmukh, stated that 15 policemen and two NSG commandos were killed, including the following officers:[194][201], Three railway officials of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus were also killed.[203]. Enjoy your stay at our renowned 5 star hotels in Mumbai which offer elegant accommodation and best in class amenities. The attackers used both personal cell phones and those obtained from their victims to communicate with each other and the news media. [155], On 12 February 2009 Pakistan's Interior Minister Rehman Malik said that Pakistani national Javed Iqbal, who acquired VoIP phones in Spain for the Mumbai attackers, and Hamad Ameen Sadiq, who had facilitated money transfer for the attack, had been arrested. [248] In November 2009, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said that Pakistan had not done enough to bring the perpetrators of the attacks to justice.[249]. Part of the training was reported to have taken place on the Mangla Dam reservoir in Pakistan.[51]. [79] Police evacuated adjacent buildings and exchanged fire with the attackers, wounding one. [116][117] The then Home Minister P. Chidambaram said the Pakistani authorities had not shared any information about American suspects Headley and Rana, but that the FBI had been more forthcoming. These men made a second attempt in November 2008, and successfully managed to execute the final attacks. [33], There had been many terrorist attacks in Mumbai since the 13 coordinated bomb explosions that killed 257 people and injured 700 on 12 March 1993. A team of the Mumbai Anti-Terrorist Squad led by police chief Hemant Karkare searched the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and then left in pursuit of Kasab and Khan. [253] Mumbai police department originally identified 37 suspects—including two Pakistani army officers—for their alleged involvement in the plot. [236][237] The New York Times, in July 2009, described the event as "what may be the most well-documented terrorist attack anywhere".[238]. [37] A bicycle bomb exploded near the Vile Parle station in Mumbai, killing one person and injuring 25 on 27 January 2003, a day before the visit of the Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee to the city. According to a media report citing an unnamed former Defence Department Official of the US, the intelligence agencies of the US had determined that former officers from Pakistan's Army and Inter-Services Intelligence agency assisted actively and continuously in training. 12:00 am: Nine hostages were rescued from the first floor. [235] A map of the attacks was set up by a web journalist using Google Maps. Force One—a new security force created by the Maharashtra government—staged a parade from Nariman Point to Chowpatty. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) was attacked by two gunmen, Ismail Khan and Ajmal Kasab. As reported by Ritu Sarin, at the end of the 40 hours of trigger alert at Oberoi, the site resembled a camp ravaged. Kasab's trial began on 6 May 2009. Two groups were formed by marine commandos. Mumbai's Taj Mahal hotel, which suffered extensive damage from the 2008 militant attacks in which guests and staff died, will reopen this weekend after a £24m refurbishment. If everything went according to plan, Kasab would have died as Chaudhari and the media would have blamed 'Hindu terrorists' for the attack. The first one occurred at 22:40 at Vile Parle, killing the driver and a passenger. [230] The attacks also triggered a chain of citizens' movements across India such as the India Today Group's "War Against Terror" campaign. 8:00 am: The Indian commandos announced that the Taj had been cleared of all the terrorists. Kasab was convicted of all 86 charges on 3 May 2010. During the first day, 9 hostages were rescued from the first floor. Actor Amitabh Bachchan has been the brand ambassador for the event over the years. Political reactions in Mumbai and India included a range of resignations and political changes, including the resignations of Minister for Home Affairs Shivraj Patil, Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh and deputy chief minister R. R. Patil for controversial reactions to the attack including taking the former's son and Bol… It was not just about the fear of the hundreds trapped inside or the multiple bombings and shootings or the fact that the iconic five-star hotel lay under siege for the longest period of time that made the Taj the face of the 26/11 attacks. The couple had moved to Mumbai from Brooklyn in 2003 and taken upon themselves the management of the centre that housed an educational centre, a synagogue and a social hall. [229] The business establishment also reacted, with changes to transport, and requests for an increase in self-defence capabilities. The Times of India commented on its front page that "Our politicians fiddle as innocents die." Mumbai terror attacks When the bullets started firing just after 9pm on 26 November 2008, Hemant Oberoi stayed calm. [96] The NSG rescued 250 people from the Oberoi, 300 from the Taj and 60 people (members of 12 different families) from Nariman House. Kasab, in his confessional account, acknowledged this plot, as did David Coleman Headley, who corroborated this account by confirming that the sacred threads to be worn around the terrorists' wrists to identify them as Hindus, were procured from Mumbai's Siddhivinayak Temple. For hours, as terrorists took hostages and killed indiscriminately across … Only one of the 10 attackers, Ajmal Kasab, survived the attack. Laut Aussagen des überlebenden Terroristen hätten die zehn Täter am Morgen des 22. [4] Two Pakistanis were arrested in Brescia, Italy (east of Milan) on 21 November 2009, after being accused of providing logistical support to the attacks and transferring more than US$200 to Internet accounts using a false ID. Although the attackers were encouraged to murder hostages, the attackers were in communication with the news media via cell phones to make demands in return for the release of hostages. [258], David Headley pleaded guilty to 12 counts related to the attacks, including conspiracy to commit murder in India and aiding and abetting in the murder of six Americans. The Leopold Cafe, Oberoi Trident hotel, Nariman House (Chabad House) and some by lanes of South Mumbai were the other targets. Das Hotel wurde am 16. 3:00 am: The army and firemen arrived at the location. [137] Police had also mentioned that Faheem Ansari, an Indian Lashkar operative who had been arrested in February 2008, had scouted the Mumbai targets for the November attacks. [27][109], Under US and UN pressure, Pakistan arrested a few members of Jamaat ud-Dawa and briefly put its founder under house arrest, but he was found to be free a few days later. Even after taking guests out of hotel they came back in again and rescued more guests. 1:00 pm: Firing at intervals and grenade explosions continued through the day. Two militants carried out the shooting inside the city while two others moved towards the Metro cinema. Other memorials and candlelight vigils were also organised at the various locations where the attacks occurred. According to Maria, Lashkar-e-Taiba wanted Kasab to be killed as a Bengaluru resident named ‘Samir Dinesh Chaudhari’, with a "red (sacred) thread" tied around his wrist to portray the attack as a case of ‘Hindu terror’, but their plan apparently did not succeed and the police nabbed Kasab. [245] The verdict followed 10 weeks of appeal hearings, and was decided by a two-judge Supreme Court panel, which was led by Judge Aftab Alam. This was believed to be done in order to further confuse Indian authorities that they were dealing with primarily a hostage situation. Explore more on Taj Attack. The Leopold Cafe, a popular restaurant and bar on Colaba Causeway in South Mumbai, was one of the first sites to be attacked. This is something really amazing. Armed with AK 47s, ammunition and grenades, they made their way to the lobby area, firing on anyone and everyone who caught their sight. The Pakistani court conducting trial of Mumbai attacks accused, reserved its judgement on the application filed by Lakhvi, challenging the report of the judicial panel, to 17 July 2012. The Pradhan Inquiry Commission, appointed by the Maharashtra government, produced a report that was tabled before the legislative assembly more than a year after the events. [57] Security forces and emergency services arrived shortly afterwards. [272], Aziz Burney wrote a book titled 26/11: RSS ki Saazish? [239] On 25 February 2009, Indian investigators filed an 11,000-page chargesheet, formally charging Kasab with murder, conspiracy, and waging war against India among other charges. [232][233], International reaction for the attacks was widespread, with many countries and international organisations condemning the attacks and expressing their condolences to the civilian victims. It has been considered one of the finest hotels in the East since the time of the British Raj.The hotel was one of the main sites targeted in the 2008 Mumbai attacks. 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